Dr. Schrager has been trained in three medical specialties.
An allergist is a physician that specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of immunologic and allergic disorders. Typically, patients suffering from allergic reactions or immunological conditions are referred to allergists by primary care providers, but can also be referred by other specialists such as dermatologists or pulmonologists when the extent of their care or treatment has been exhausted.
Allergic reactions typically occur when the body is exposed to allergens that cause the immune system to react defensively – treating an often common substance as a foreign invader within the patient’s body (which then brings about the varying symptoms of allergies). Aside from the more common allergies, allergists are trained to care for patients suffering from asthma and various types of immunological disorders, including the more than 150 primary immunodeficiency diseases (PIDDs).
Substances or materials that may cause allergic reactions (known as allergens) in patients may include: dusts or pollens, various foods, medications, venoms (such as bee stings) or natural allergens, such as rubber latex. Each patient will react differently to allergens – some may experience severe or life-threatening reactions such as anaphylactic shock, while others will encounter milder reactions like a runny nose or itchy throat. Regardless of your allergic symptoms, an allergist can craft a treatment plan to help mitigate the side effects of allergies.
Learn more about allergy medicine at MD.com.
Otolaryngology is a medical specialty focused on the treatment of disorders and diseases of the ears, nose and throat and related structures. These specialists are often referred to as ENT doctors, or ear, nose and throat doctors. Physicians in this specialty may specialize further within the field, in such areas as sleep medicine, head and neck plastic surgery, neurotology and pediatric otolaryngology, among other areas.
Otolaryngologists are highly trained physicians who are capable of treating all types of diseases and disorders concerning the ears, nose and throat through either surgical or non-surgical procedures. Surgeries performed by otolaryngologists include the removal of tonsils and adenoids, sinus surgery, the placement of ear tubes, the removal of tumors, reconstruction of congenital defects, cochlear implants and laryngotracheal reconstructions, among many others.
Otolaryngologists are capable of providing treatment and management for all types of disorders of the ears, nose, throat and surrounding structures. These may include sinusitis, hearing loss, tinnitus, cranial nerve disorders, balance disorders, polyps, nasal obstruction, voice and swallowing disorders, various types of infections and both cancerous and non-cancerous tumors, among many other conditions and diseases.
Learn more about ent / otolaryngology at MD.com.
Plastic surgery is a medical specialty focused on the surgical repair or reconstruction of malformations or injuries to the body. Within plastic surgery there are two main subspecialties, cosmetic surgery and reconstructive surgery. The goal of cosmetic surgery (often referred to as elective plastic surgery) is improve the aesthetics and appearance of body parts, while reconstructive surgery is focused more on the repair and reconstruction of malfunctioning body parts. Plastic surgeons may perform both cosmetic and reconstructive surgery, or they may specialize in one area or the other.
Most reconstructive plastic surgery is due to either traumatic injuries or congenital (present at birth) defects. Common operations performed within reconstructive plastic surgery include scar revision, hand surgery, breast reduction or reconstruction (sometimes listed as a cosmetic operation), cleft palate and lip surgeries and surgeries to remove skin cancer, among other operations.
Cosmetic surgery, or elective plastic surgery, is performed when a patient is unhappy with their body and wishes to alter their appearance through a variety of surgical procedures. Common operations within cosmetic surgery include eyelid surgery (blepharoplasty), forehead and face lifts, ear pinning surgery (otoplasty), rhinoplasty (nose surgery), skin resurfacing, breast augmentation, chin augmentation, liposuction, mole removal, and “tummy-tucks” (abdominoplasty), among others.
Learn more about plastic surgery at MD.com.